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Gyroid Infill: How And Why To Use It


Gyroid infill, a term that might sound like it's straight out of a sci-fi novel, is actually a key player in the realm of 3D printing. It's a complex, yet beautifully intricate pattern that's been making waves (quite literally!) in the 3D printing community.

Gyroid infill is a honeycomb shaped pattern that can be generated in slicer software programs before printing in order to customize a 3D print job for certain factors, including print speed, strength, infill density, and many others. As one of the most advanced and aesthetically appealing infill patterns, the gyroid is an often picked infill structure because of the design freedom it offers as well as its enhanced isotropic properties and structural integrity.

Now, let’s cover what gyroid infill is, how, why, and when to use it.

Decoding Gyroid Infill: Unraveling the Structure

Understanding Gyroid Infill

Imagine a honeycomb, with its perfectly symmetrical hexagons, or the mesmerizing pattern of a spider's web. Now, take that intricate beauty, give it a 3D twist, and voila! You've got yourself a gyroid infill. This unique pattern, with its continuous, wavy lines forming a three-dimensional labyrinth, is not just a feast for the eyes, but also a structural powerhouse in the world of 3D printing.

The gyroid infill serves a crucial purpose - it's the backbone that gives your 3D prints their strength and stability. But it's not just about being robust. The gyroid pattern, with its repeating, interconnected curves, creates a structure that's both lightweight and strong, a combination that's as rare as a shooting star!

And the beauty of it all? It's all rooted in mathematics. The gyroid pattern is a minimal surface, meaning it has the least possible area for a given boundary. This mathematical marvel translates into a pattern that's not just visually stunning, but also incredibly efficient in terms of material usage.

The Science Behind Gyroid Infill: Exploring its Material Properties

Now, let's put on our lab coats and delve a little deeper into the science behind gyroid infill. You see, the magic of gyroid infill lies in its physical properties. The continuous, three-dimensional structure of the gyroid pattern gives it an edge over other infill patterns. It provides strength in all directions, making your 3D prints sturdy and durable.

But it's not just about being strong. The gyroid infill also brings flexibility to the table. Yes, you heard that right! Despite its strength, the gyroid pattern allows for a degree of flexibility, making it perfect for prints that need to bend or flex without breaking.

And the cherry on top? The gyroid infill is a master of weight distribution. Its unique structure allows it to support substantial weight, even at lower infill densities. This means you can achieve lightweight prints without compromising on strength or stability.

So, there you have it! The gyroid infill, with its blend of beauty, complexity, and superior material properties, truly stands out in the 3D printing landscape.

At Accelerate3D, our team of 3D printing experts leverage gyroid infill and our own 3D printing technology to turn your vision to reality. If higher quality and lower costs at scale sounds good, we’re looking forward to hearing from you.

How To Use Gyroid Infill

Locating Gyroid Infill in Slicer Settings

To utilize gyroid infill in your 3D prints, you first need to locate it in your slicer software. In popular slicer programs like Cura, you can find the infill settings under the "Print Setup" section. Here, you can select "Gyroid" from the "Infill Pattern" dropdown menu. This is the first step in leveraging the unique properties of gyroid infill for your 3D printing projects.

Slicer Settings for Optimal Gyroid Infill

The slicer settings play a crucial role in determining the quality of your 3D print. For gyroid infill, the most important setting is the infill density, represented as a percentage. This refers to the amount of infill you want. For instance, a 3D printed part with 100% infill will be solid, while a part with 50% infill will be half hollow and half filled. The optimal infill density depends on the specific requirements of your print, such as its intended use, required strength, and desired weight.

Determining the Right Infill Percentage

The infill percentage required depends on the specific application of your 3D printed part. For parts that need to be lightweight yet strong, a lower infill percentage (around 20-50%) with gyroid infill can provide excellent strength-to-weight ratio. This is because the gyroid pattern provides a continuous, three-dimensional structure that offers strength in all directions, even at lower infill densities.

Understanding the Strength-to-Infill Density Relationship

The strength of a 3D printed part with gyroid infill is directly related to its infill density. As the infill density increases, so does the part's strength. However, gyroid infill allows you to minimize the infill density without sacrificing shear strength and resistance, thanks to its continuous structure. This means you can achieve strong, durable prints while using less material and reducing print time.

Impact of Gyroid Infill on Print Speed

The print speed can be affected by the complexity of the infill pattern. While gyroid infill is more complex than basic patterns like grids or hexagons, it can actually be faster to 3D print due to its curvy structure. This is because the print head can move smoothly along the curves of the gyroid pattern, without the need for sudden changes in direction or speed. This can result in faster print times, especially for larger prints.

Weight Support Capabilities of Gyroid Infill

The weight a gyroid-infilled part can support depends on the infill density. A higher infill density results in a stronger part that can support more weight. However, even at lower densities, gyroid infill can provide substantial strength due to its unique structure. This makes it an excellent choice for applications that require lightweight parts with high load-bearing capabilities.

Adjusting Infill Layer Thickness

In slicer software programs like Cura, you can adjust infill settings such as the infill layer thickness. If the infill is enclosed within a shell, it can be advantageous to increase the layer thickness for the infill only to speed up printing times. This is because thicker infill layers require fewer passes of the print head, reducing the overall print time. However, it's important to note that increasing the infill layer thickness may reduce the part's strength, so this setting should be adjusted carefully based on the specific requirements of your print.

Balancing Strength and Flexibility

Gyroid infill is excellent for parts that require both strength and flexibility. The continuous, wavy lines of the gyroid pattern provide strength in all directions, while the hollow spaces allow for some degree of flexibility. This unique combination of properties makes gyroid infill ideal for a wide range of applications, from functional parts that need to withstand mechanical stress, to flexible parts that need to bend or flex without breaking. It's important to note that the balance between strength and flexibility can be fine-tuned by adjusting the infill density and the thickness of the outer shell.

Optimizing Material Consumption

One of the major advantages of gyroid infill is its ability to optimize material consumption. Due to its near-isotropic strength and excellent strength-to-infill density ratio, less filament material is needed to achieve 3D printed parts with superior properties. This not only reduces the cost of your prints, but also makes them more environmentally friendly by minimizing waste. Furthermore, by using less material, gyroid infill can also reduce the weight of your prints, which can be a critical factor in applications such as aerospace and robotics.

Achieving Aesthetic Appeal with Gyroid Infill

While the primary function of infill is to provide internal support, gyroid infill, with its unique and visually appealing pattern, can also be used to enhance the aesthetic appeal of 3D printed parts. When used with transparent or semi-transparent filament, the gyroid pattern creates a fascinating visual effect that can add a whole new dimension to your prints. This can be particularly useful in applications such as art, design, and architecture, where the visual appearance of the print is as important as its functional properties.

Impact of Print Temperature on Gyroid Infill

The print temperature can have a significant impact on the quality of gyroid infill. If the temperature is too high, the filament may become too fluid and fail to maintain the intricate gyroid pattern, resulting in poor infill quality and reduced part strength. On the other hand, if the temperature is too low, the filament may not adhere properly, leading to gaps and inconsistencies in the infill. Therefore, it's important to find the right print temperature for your specific filament type and printer setup to ensure optimal gyroid infill quality.

Reducing Print Noise with Gyroid Infill

One of the lesser-known benefits of gyroid infill is its potential to reduce print noise. The continuous, smooth curves of the gyroid pattern can result in smoother movements of the print head, which can in turn reduce the amount of noise produced during printing. This can be a significant advantage in environments where noise is a concern, such as in a home or office setting.

Post-Processing of Gyroid Infill Prints

Post-processing can be used to enhance the properties and appearance of gyroid infill prints. For instance, techniques such as sanding, painting, or coating can be used to improve the surface finish and aesthetic appeal of the print. Additionally, heat treatment or annealing can be used to increase the strength and dimensional stability of the print. However, it's important to note that post-processing techniques should be chosen carefully based on the specific requirements of the print and the properties of the filament material.

Adjusting Cooling Settings for Gyroid Infill

The cooling settings can have a significant impact on the quality of gyroid infill. Proper cooling is essential to ensure that the filament solidifies quickly and maintains the intricate gyroid pattern. If the cooling is insufficient, the filament may sag or warp, resulting in poor infill quality and reduced part strength. On the other hand, excessive cooling can cause the filament to solidify too quickly, leading to poor adhesion between the infill and the outer shell.

Using Gyroid Infill for Large Prints

Gyroid infill can be particularly beneficial for large prints. Due to its excellent strength-to-weight ratio and efficient material usage, gyroid infill can help to reduce the weight and cost of large prints without compromising their structural integrity. Furthermore, the smooth, continuous curves of the gyroid pattern can result in smoother movements of the print head, which can reduce the risk of print errors and improve the overall print quality.

Applying Gyroid Infill to Complex Geometries

The unique structure of gyroid infill makes it well-suited for complex geometries. Unlike simpler infill patterns, which can struggle to provide uniform support in complex shapes, the gyroid pattern provides consistent, three-dimensional support throughout the print. This can result in better print quality and increased strength for prints with complex geometries. However, it's important to note that complex geometries may require more careful tuning of the print settings to ensure optimal infill quality.

Using Gyroid Infill with Flexible Materials

Gyroid infill can also be used effectively with flexible materials. The continuous, three-dimensional structure of the gyroid pattern can provide excellent support and flexibility, making it an excellent choice for prints that need to bend or flex. However, printing with flexible materials can be more challenging than printing with rigid materials, and may require careful tuning of the print settings to ensure optimal print quality.

Gyroid Infill for Lightweight Applications

The efficient material usage and excellent strength-to-weight ratio of gyroid infill make it an excellent choice for lightweight applications. By reducing the infill density, you can significantly reduce the weight of your prints without significantly compromising their strength. This can be particularly beneficial in applications such as aerospace and robotics, where weight is a critical factor.

Gyroid Infill for High-Strength Applications

Despite its lightweight nature, gyroid infill can provide excellent strength and durability, making it suitable for high-strength applications. The continuous, three-dimensional structure of the gyroid pattern provides strength in all directions, allowing it to withstand high loads and stresses. Furthermore, by increasing the infill density, you can further increase the strength of your prints, making gyroid infill an excellent choice for applications that require high-strength parts.

Gyroid Infill for High-Impact Applications

The unique structure of gyroid infill can also provide excellent impact resistance, making it suitable for high-impact applications. The continuous, three-dimensional structure of the gyroid pattern can help to distribute impact forces throughout the print, reducing the risk of failure. Furthermore, the flexibility of the gyroid pattern can help to absorb impact energy, further enhancing the impact resistance of your prints.

Advantages of Gyroid Infill

Enhanced Isotropic Properties: Unlocking Design Freedom

In the realm of 3D printing, the term 'isotropic' refers to having properties that are identical in all directions. This is a crucial characteristic when it comes to the structural integrity of 3D printed objects. The gyroid infill, with its unique three-dimensional, continuous structure, exhibits superior isotropic properties. But why does this matter?

Imagine you're a drone manufacturer, and you're designing a component that needs to withstand forces from all directions. With traditional infill patterns, you might find that your component is strong in one direction but weak in another. This could lead to unexpected failures when the drone is in flight. However, with gyroid infill, you can rest assured that your component has consistent strength in all directions, giving you the freedom to design without constraints.

This isotropic nature of gyroid infill also opens up a world of possibilities for intricate and complex designs. Whether you're creating the lightweight frame of a high-speed drone or the delicate joints of a robot, gyroid infill can provide the strength and flexibility you need without compromising on weight or material usage.

Striking the Perfect Balance: Strength-to-Infill Density Ratio

One of the most significant challenges in 3D printing is finding the perfect balance between strength and infill density. Too much infill, and you're wasting material and increasing print time. Too little, and your object may not be strong enough for its intended purpose. This is where gyroid infill shines.

Gyroid infill achieves an optimal balance between strength and infill density, providing superior performance even at lower infill percentages. This means you can create strong, durable objects while using less material and reducing print time. Gyroid-infilled parts were found to have up to 50% higher strength-to-weight ratios compared to those with traditional infill patterns. This makes gyroid infill an ideal choice for industries like drone and robot manufacturing, where strength, weight, and efficiency are paramount.

Resource Optimization: Minimizing Material Consumption

In today's world, sustainability is more than just a buzzword; it's a necessity. The 3D printing industry is no exception. With gyroid infill, you can significantly reduce material waste, making your 3D printing process more eco-friendly.

Due to its unique structure, gyroid infill allows for strong, stable prints with less material compared to traditional infill patterns. This not only reduces the environmental impact of your 3D printing process but also results in cost-saving opportunities for manufacturing companies.

For instance, a drone manufacturing company that switched to gyroid infill reported a 20% reduction in material usage without compromising the performance of their drones. This resulted in substantial cost savings and a reduced carbon footprint.

Speeding Up the Printing Process: Faster and More Efficient

Time is money, especially in the manufacturing industry. The faster you can produce a high-quality product, the better. Here again, gyroid infill comes to the rescue.

Despite its complex structure, gyroid infill can be printed relatively

quickly compared to other infill patterns. This is because the continuous, unbroken lines of the gyroid pattern allow for smoother and faster movements of the print head. This results in shorter print times without compromising the quality of the print.

But how much of a difference can it make? In a case study, a robot manufacturing company reported a 15% reduction in print time when they switched to gyroid infill for their complex robot components. This allowed them to meet tight production deadlines and increase their overall productivity.

Moreover, the efficiency of gyroid infill doesn't stop at the printing process. Its superior strength-to-weight ratio means that less post-processing is required to achieve the desired strength, further saving time and resources.

Addressing Challenges and Limitations

Overcoming Longer Slicing Times: Strategies for Efficient Workflow

While the advantages of gyroid infill are numerous, it's important to acknowledge that it's not without its challenges. One such challenge is the increased slicing time. Slicing is the process of converting a 3D model into instructions that a 3D printer can understand. Due to the complex nature of the gyroid pattern, slicing software can take longer to process these instructions.

However, this challenge is not insurmountable. With the right strategies and tools, you can significantly reduce slicing times and maintain an efficient workflow. For instance, using a high-performance computer with a powerful processor can speed up the slicing process. Additionally, optimizing your slicer settings, such as reducing the layer height or adjusting the print speed, can also contribute to faster slicing times.

Moreover, advancements in slicing software are continuously being made to handle complex infill patterns more efficiently. Software developers are constantly working on algorithms to speed up the slicing process for gyroid infill. So, while you might experience longer slicing times now, this is likely to improve in the future.

Taming the Vibrations: Strategies for Stability

Another challenge that can arise when printing with gyroid infill is increased vibrations. Due to the continuous, unbroken lines of the gyroid pattern, the print head has to move in complex paths, which can lead to vibrations. These vibrations can affect the print quality and even lead to print failures in extreme cases.

However, there are several strategies you can employ to mitigate these vibrations. One such strategy is to use a 3D printer with a rigid frame and high-quality components. These printers are better equipped to handle the complex movements required to print gyroid infill without excessive vibrations.

Another strategy is to use vibration-dampening techniques. This can include placing your 3D printer on a stable, level surface or using vibration-dampening pads under the printer's feet. Some 3D printer users have even developed innovative solutions, such as custom printer modifications, to enhance stability during the printing process.

Finally, advancements in 3D printing technology are continually being made to enhance stability and precision during the printing process. For instance, some high-end 3D printers now come with features like active vibration compensation, which can significantly reduce vibrations during printing.

Applications of Gyroid Infill in Manufacturing

Gyroid Infill in Drone Manufacturing: Soaring to New Heights

The drone industry is a rapidly evolving field that demands innovation and efficiency. Gyroid infill, with its unique structural properties, has found a significant place in this sector. The complex, three-dimensional structure of gyroid infill provides drones with enhanced strength and reduced weight, two critical factors that directly impact a drone's performance and battery life.

The gyroid structure's isotropic properties ensure that the drone components exhibit consistent strength in all directions, a crucial factor when dealing with dynamic forces during flight. This isotropy also allows for more complex and efficient designs, as the strength of the part is not dependent on the direction of the load. For instance, drone propellers and frames can be optimized for aerodynamics without compromising on structural integrity.

Moreover, the gyroid infill's unique strength-to-weight ratio allows for lighter drones without sacrificing durability. This is particularly beneficial in commercial and military applications where payload capacity and flight duration are of paramount importance.

Revolutionizing Robot Production: Precision, Efficiency, and Customization

The world of robotics is another domain where gyroid infill is making waves. The unique properties of gyroid infill allow for the production of robot components that are both lightweight and strong. This is particularly useful in the production of mobile robots where weight can significantly impact battery life and maneuverability.

Furthermore, the gyroid infill's isotropic properties ensure that robot components have consistent strength in all directions. This is crucial in robotics, where parts often have to withstand forces from multiple directions. For instance, robotic arms used in manufacturing processes can benefit from gyroid infill, providing the necessary strength and precision while reducing the overall weight.

Building the Future: Gyroid Infill in Architecture and Construction

The architecture and construction industry is increasingly turning to 3D printing for creating complex, custom structures and components. Here, gyroid infill offers unique advantages. Its strength-to-weight ratio and isotropic properties make it ideal for creating lightweight yet sturdy architectural components.

Gyroid infill can be used to create intricate lattice structures for architectural facades, providing aesthetic appeal, structural integrity, and unique light-filtering properties. In construction, gyroid infill can be used to produce customized structural components, such as beams and columns, that are optimized for load-bearing and material efficiency.

Moreover, the use of gyroid infill in construction aligns with the industry's growing focus on sustainability. By optimizing the infill percentage, it's possible to reduce material usage without compromising on strength, contributing to more sustainable construction practices.

In conclusion, the application of gyroid infill in manufacturing spans various industries, each leveraging its unique properties to enhance product performance and efficiency. As 3D printing technology continues to evolve, the potential applications of gyroid infill are set to expand, promising exciting developments in the future.

Creative Use Cases: Inspiring Applications of Gyroid Infill

Artistic Endeavors: Unleashing Creativity with Gyroid Infill

Gyroid infill, with its unique and visually appealing structure, has found its way into the realm of art and design. Artists and makers have been captivated by the intricate pattern, utilizing it to create complex and visually stunning pieces. For instance, 3D printable gyroid models, such as the one created by Dan O'Connell, showcase the gyroid structure's beauty and resilience. These models, devoid of outer walls, allow for a clear view of the gyroid pattern, demonstrating its strength and fluid permeability.

- One fascinating application is the gyroid lamp by Greg. This spherical lamp utilizes the gyroid pattern to allow light to pass through, creating a mesmerizing light effect. The structural strength of the gyroid infill also protects the lamp from direct hits, making it not only aesthetically pleasing but also durable.

- The gyroid bookmark by PlasticPasta 3D is another example of how the gyroid pattern can enhance everyday objects. The high strength of the gyroid infill combined with its structural beauty results in a bookmark that is both functional and visually appealing.

One of our favorite out of the box uses for gyroid infill is in 3D printed shoes. It offers creative freedom, better structural integrity, and an overall very unique look.

Practical Applications: Strength and Efficiency in Everyday Objects

- The gyroid infill pattern is not just for show; it also has practical applications. The gyroid shelf bracket by Alexander is a testament to this. Designed to support weights greater than 20 kg using only 67 g of material, this shelf bracket showcases the high strength-to-weight ratio of gyroid infill. It's a clear demonstration that 3D printing, particularly with gyroid infill, still has much to offer in terms of practical, everyday applications.

Future Possibilities: The Untapped Potential of Gyroid Infill

- The applications of gyroid infill are not limited to what we've seen so far. Its unique properties open up a world of possibilities for future applications. For instance, its ability to allow fluids to pass through could be utilized in applications requiring air or water flow, such as electronic packaging or heat sinks.

- Furthermore, the isotropic nature of gyroid infill could enable the use of weaker materials in 3D printing. By enhancing the resistance of materials like PLA through gyroid infill, objects could be made cheaper and easier to print without compromising on strength and durability.

- The potential of gyroid infill is vast, and as we continue to explore and understand it better, we can expect to see even more innovative and exciting applications in the future.

In conclusion, gyroid infill is a game-changer in the world of 3D printing. Its unique structure and properties offer a plethora of benefits, from enhanced strength and efficiency to creative and practical applications. As we continue to explore and understand this fascinating pattern, we can expect to see even more innovative and exciting applications in various industries, from drone and robot manufacturing to art and design, and beyond.


In conclusion, the gyroid infill stands as a revolutionary pattern in slicer programs, delivering numerous advantages for 3D printing enthusiasts. Its bio-inspired geometry combines exceptional strength and minimal weight, making it the perfect choice for functional components and visually captivating prints. With its impressive strength-to-infill density ratio, the gyroid infill ensures structural integrity while minimizing material usage, resulting in significant time and cost savings. Moreover, its visually captivating aesthetic, characterized by continuous geometry devoid of straight lines, adds a touch of sophistication to prints, eliminating the need for outer shells. Embrace the gyroid infill and unlock a world of possibilities in 3D printing, where innovation, efficiency, and artistic expression converge.

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